Cervical osteochondrosis, its symptoms, treatment and prevention

neck pain

In the modern world, it is difficult to overestimate the resonance of the disease with cervical osteochondrosis. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is much more common than in other spines. Almost everyone over the age of twenty-five has this disease to one degree or another.

Cervical osteochondrosis develops mainly due to a sedentary lifestyle, which is especially facilitated by a person's historical transition from physical to mental labor, which, although to a moderate extent, isaccompanied by work in a seated position.

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a degenerative-dystrophic disease of the cervical spine, resulting in damage to the intervertebral discs, which is common in general for the disease osteochondrosis. Since this part of the spine is by its nature quite mobile, but at the same time vulnerable due to an underdeveloped muscle corset, therefore, any negative effect on the neck or back severely affects everythingfirst, the cervical region. Because degenerative changes most often develop in the more mobile vertebral regions, these are the nerve endings at the C5 level. . . C7 who most often suffer in the cervical region.

Since the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are very controversial, they are not always considered the only symptoms of this disease, which quite often leads to seeking help from specialists in other fields of medicine. Let's look at them in more detail.

Cervical osteochondrosis and its symptoms

Due to the fact that the cervical spine is quite compact, compared to its other parts, even a small tension of the neck muscles or displacement of the vertebrae of the cervical spine can cause compression or pinching of the nerve roots, which can also be submitted to vessels located in this department. Well, osteophytes - bone growths, in the popular treatment called "salt deposition" and formed in the conditions of the development of the disease of cervical osteochondrosis, therefore, only lead to significant deterioration in the course ofof disease.

The clinical manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis, that is, its symptoms, can be divided into reflex symptoms and radicular symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis.

Reflex symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

reflex symptoms of osteochondrosis

Reflex symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis include something called “lumbago, ” expressed by the onset of sharp pain in the neck, and getting noticeably worse with movement. In view of this, patients often adopt the most comfortable, forced head position. Additionally, it is quite possible that the typical "crunch" will occur during spinning or other head movements.

When suffering from cervical osteochondrosis, patients often experience headaches that are constrictive in nature and radiate to the eyeballs or the temporal part of the head. In addition, sometimes at the same time, the acuity of visual perception can decrease, as if "everything is floating in front of the eyes".

The syndrome of the vertebral artery can also develop, when his nerve plexus is irritated, which very often, due to dizziness in a patient, is mistakenly diagnosed with a violation of blood circulation in the brain. This symptom of cervical osteochondrosis can manifest itself as sudden movements of the head and be complicated by possible nausea and vomiting.

In addition to the above, reflex symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis also include cardiac syndrome, in which sensations similar to an angina attack occur. But such a manifestation of the symptoms of osteochondrosis is usually associated with a complex of other signs of this disease. Therefore, it usually does not pose any difficulty in making a correct diagnosis.

Radicular symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Radicular symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis usually appear due to compression of the spinal nerve ending - the root. In this case, the sensory disturbances affecting motor functions depend entirely on the particular damaged nerve root, namely:

  • C1 - decreased sensitivity of the occiput;
  • C2 - the appearance of pain in the parietal or occipital region of the head;
  • C3 - impaired sensitivity and the appearance of pain in the neck area, where the spinal root has been injured, with possible dysfunction of speech, due to loss of sensitivity of the tongue and its control;
  • C4 - the appearance of pain and a decrease in tenderness in the dorsal region of the shoulder, as well as pain in the heart and liver, with a simultaneous decrease in muscle tone of the neck and possible respiratory disordersrespiratory function;
  • C5 - decreased tenderness and pain on the outer surface of the shoulder;
  • C6 - pain radiating from the cervical spine to the scapula, the outer surface of the shoulder, the forearm and further from the wrist to the thumb;
  • C7 - the same pain as in C6, but radiating from the scapula to the posterior humeral surface, and further from the forearm to the 2nd. . . 4th fingers of the hand, with decreased sensitivity in the painful area;
  • C8 - decreased tenderness and pain from neck to shoulder, then forearm to little finger.

Cervical osteochondrosis and its treatment

osteochondrosis treatment

Cervical osteochondrosis is quite a complex and extremely unpleasant disease, for the treatment of which consistency, duration and stages are required. Therapeutic treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, first of all, is aimed at completely stopping the painful symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis and eliminating inflammation in the area of ​​the neck affected by the disease.

Patients in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis are treated with standard analgesics. Although in recent years, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are also very popular in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, effectively relieving pain and reducing the activity of inflammation.

Among other things, chondroprotectors are also used in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, which slows down the process of destruction of cartilage tissue and, according to many experts, also contributes to the process of their regeneration. In addition, patients are prescribed the use of B vitamins, which improve metabolic processes in the patient's body.

But the use of external gels or ointments for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is not effective, but it makes sense, because by rubbing them on the skin, an additional massage of the cervical spine is alsoperformed.

Physiotherapy procedures are additionally combined with traditional drugs for cervical osteochondrosis, and in particular, the use of magnetotherapy by means of special medical devices is particularly effective. Also applied, in addition to the above, therapeutic massage, physiotherapy exercises and manual therapy. But, in particularly severe cases of the disease, surgical intervention may also be necessary.

Prevention of cervical osteochondrosis

Prevention of cervical osteochondrosis itself is not difficult. Recommended:

  • lead an active and healthy lifestyle,
  • playing sports, or at least morning workouts,
  • competent workplace organization,
  • respect for the work and rest regime,
  • during prolonged work in a sitting position - during working hours, warm up several times and make sure that the head and posture are correct during work.

Choosing a comfortable pillow and mattress for sleeping is also important. But for those who already suffer from this disease, the daily use of specialized orthopedic products for comfortable sleep is highly recommended.