The causes of back pain in a child and methods of its removal

If your child has a sore back, parents should immediately consult a doctor, who will reveal the cause of painful sensations and prescribe medications. The pain may signal how about a small injury, and about the beginning of the development of dangerous disorders.

back pain in a child

Why in children arises discomfort

Many factors is able to attend cause of discomfort and pain in the back. The cause may be strain of the muscles, fractures, nervous tension, or disease of the musculoskeletal system. Each of these factors is accompanied by a number of symptoms.


Awkward and incorrect posture of the child while watching television, games on the computer or sitting at the table leads to a curvature of the spinal pillar, or scoliosis. The original symptoms of the pathology are:

  • pain symptom in the chest area or the shoulders;
  • quick fatigue;
  • weakness.

Over time the child will appear:

  • slouch;
  • asymmetry of the spine and shoulder blades.

Scoliosis is also accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • he leaned on the side of the head;
  • the smaller triangle at the waist;
  • different shoulder height;
  • the shortening of the legs;
  • education hump.

Due to the curvature of the vertebral column in children and adolescents often occurs to the violation of many internal organs, including the lungs and heart. This leads to difficult breathing. Also happens, disorders in the circulatory system.

In the older age cure scoliosis, it is much more difficult, therefore, parents should pay attention to the posture of the child from an early age. It is recommended to accustom the youngest member of the family to exercise at home simple gymnastic exercises. Won't hurt and regular light massage.

Scoliosis is more common in girls aged 10-14 years in the active period of puberty.

a back injury of a child


The cause of back pain in children can become:

  • mechanical damage;
  • bruising;
  • stretching of the ligaments or muscles.

With these problems often faced by children due to the sports load. The likelihood of injury is high and in the process of moving games, when a child is careless, while driving on a bike or in a fall from a swing.

The clinical picture depends on the degree of acquired damage. Treat violation of the home absolutely cannot be, if the child:

  • pronounced pain;
  • severe dizziness;
  • clouding of consciousness.

This symptomatology is indicative of dangerous damage to the spine, so you need to immediately call the doctor. When a suspected fracture of the spine is forbidden to separately remove the child until the arrival of the ambulance.


Inflammation of the root of one of the spinal nerves causing sciatica. The disease manifests itself in people, and not just advanced age. There and children's sciatica, as a result of the delegated infectious diseases:

  • pain in the neck;
  • flu;
  • the viral infection.

Sciatica is manifested by pain in the lower back, and most often these unpleasant feelings they give to the feet. It is not excluded, a feeling of tingling or numbness.

Symptoms of developing back pain:

  1. The child complains of severe pain in the back, sometimes the legs.
  2. Often in a child manifested by lameness.
  3. During the inspection of the back of the observed curvature of the spine bend.
  4. Sometimes increased body temperature.

As well as scoliosis, sciatica is not treated folk methods. Here you have to help the specialized expert, who will determine the program for the effective treatment.

osteochondrosis in the child


A complex of degenerative disorders that arise in the spine, which leads to the development of degenerative disc disease. This disease often manifests itself in the result of other disorders. In children pathology rarely occurs. Dangerous disorders in the body can be a result of lack of treatment.

The clinical manifestations of the disease:

  • pain pain in the back or the lower back, from a small load or when the weather changes;
  • intervertebral hernia;
  • headaches.

When osteochondrosis arise disturbances in the functioning of blood vessels and nerve endings, which leads to violation of blood circulation.

What problems in the body trigger pain

Doctors point out that back pain will occur in children as a result of certain disorders or pathological conditions, including:

  1. Inflammation of the kidneys. Often kidney stones a disease or other pathology of the kidneys are the cause of discomfort in lower back in children. More often disease suffering from the boys. His symptoms may be: high fever, frequent urination, change in color and smell of urine, pale skin, an increase in pressure.
  2. Myositis. The main cause of the manifestations of the disease used inflammation of the sciatic nerve. Factors of development of pathology — injuries the delegated infections or hypothermia. For myositis is a typical asymmetric inflammation of the nerves, leading to pain syndrome affects only one side of the body.
  3. Stress. As a result of suffering stress in a child may appear complaints of pain in the shoulder area or neck.
  4. Incorrect nutrition. Calcium deficiency is often the cause of back pain. The lack of this important trace element in children leads to the development of rickets, and older age may rise to osteoporosis. To avoid these problems, it is necessary to include into the child's diet foods that contain vitamins D and a In.
  5. Inflammation of one or more vertebrae. May be the result of hypothermia or a cold. The child complains of general weakness, lethargy, nausea and poor appetite.
  6. The Disease Ankylosing Spondylitis. For the disease is a typical asymmetrical arthritis of the knee joint or the lower leg. The disease affects the spine in different departments. Disturbed heart.
  7. Hypermobile syndrome. Disease arises when there is a breach in the development of connective tissue, which carries with it a failure of the functionality of the musculoskeletal system. In the legs is to feel the fatigue, perhaps, that the development of scoliosis or flat feet.

Other reasons

Among the other causes of back pain secrete:

the reasons for back pain in children
  • wearing of inappropriate packaging or footwear;
  • poor quality or substandard bedding (mattresses, pillows);
  • premenstrual syndrome;
  • diseases of the genital organs;
  • diseases of the blood;
  • tumors;
  • cysts;
  • tuberculosis;
  • congenital pathology.

What to do and how to children's doctors to handle

When it comes to painful sensations in the back of the child is the task of parents — to assess the situation and take the necessary measures. They need to make the diagnosis, and for this it is necessary:

  1. Observe the youngest member of the family.
  2. Ask the child about his health condition.
  3. To evaluate the external symptomatology of the disease (malaise, fever, nausea).

To understand what is happening with the child, will help you with the following experts:

  • pediatrician;
  • traumatologist;
  • podiatrist;
  • hematologist;
  • the gynecologist (girls).

Doctors closely examine the medical records, conduct a thorough examination of the child. On the basis of the results obtained, the doctor will prescribe the necessary studies. It can be blood tests, radiography or computed tomography. Then the doctor will prescribe medication or proper procedures. In complex cases it may be necessary and operative intervention.

Ways emergency pain relief

In order to alleviate the pain or relieve discomfort, should be:

  • see the back of the child for the presence of abrasions, contusions or injuries;
  • limit the musculoskeletal system activity of the patient;
  • put the baby on the bed;
  • attach to the sick instead of something cold (ice pieces, wrapped with a cloth, or soaked with cold water, towel);
  • an easy relaxing massage;
  • on the area of the painful feelings cause ointment, capable of anti-inflammatory properties.
prevention of pain


To the spine of the child was healthy, it is necessary to always adhere to the following rules:

  1. Provide a child a full meal, enriched with vitamins and trace elements for the proper development of the skeleton.
  2. To monitor the correctness of the posture.
  3. Adhere to the mode of the day.
  4. To buy comfortable orthopedic shoes.
  5. Reduce the load on the spine.
  6. Choose for the child appropriate to the age of the pillow and the hard mattress, due to which the spine takes the anatomical form.
  7. To properly organize the sport.
  8. To avoid stressful situations.
  9. Arrange your study place, we adhere to all sanitary standards and regulations.
  10. A year carry out preventive examinations.

Back pain in children — the phenomenon frequent and dangerous. Avoid side effects and complications in the occurrence of pain in the spine it is better to immediately seek the help of an expert and, if necessary, go through the entire course of treatment.