Causes of neck and back pain

Soreness of the back and neck happens at least once in the life of very many people. Depending on the reason for discomfort, the person may need the help of a neurologist, a therapist, a trauma surgeon or other professionals. Let us consider in detail, to what doctors to contact if it hurts your back and neck, what to do to alleviate the condition.



It is the inflammation of the muscles – back, neck, lower back. Myositis can be a complication after a viral infection, e.g. influenza. Often myositis occurs after hypothermia, long-term placement in the wind with an open back and neck. Appears a sharp pain in peace even at the slightest movement. The inflamed muscles in contact with a hot, dense, very painful.

With myositis person difficult to move, but, however, you should try to get to the doctor – a general practitioner or a neurologist. After the examination the doctor may prescribe a more research – tests and an x-ray to exclude other causes of pain. If the diagnosis be confirmed, then it is treated myositis anti-inflammatory means, peace of mind and physical therapy quickly enough. When myositise is undesirable to use tepidus ointments and compresses – an inflammation of the fly.


A very common cause, in which pain occurs in the neck and back pain – frequent degenerative disc disease. If it is soft cartilage between the vertebral bones are thin and thick, from this pinch nerve, arises from spasm of the back muscles. Appears strong, pulling pain in the back and neck, if you are affected by both of these departments of the spine.

It is best to go to a neurologist, but in his absence, the assistance may have a therapist or a traumatologist. Necessarily is done by radiography or computed tomography. The doctor will see changes of the vertebrae, are typical for degenerative disc disease. Treatment is appointed for several weeks, with the inclusion of tablets, injections and ointments. When severe pain subsides, then it is useful to use physiotherapy modalities such as, acupuncture. For prevention of degenerative disc disease should be from the youth to do regular exercise.

Deforms spondiloartrozom

It happens, that hurts the upper back and shoulders in a particular place. A person can fairly accurately determine the source of the pain. This local pain is often talk about the deforming spondylarthrosis. This disease affects one or more joints of the spine, affects all its parts.

When suspected spondiloartrozom a person should visit a rheumatologist or neurologist. After conducting several surveys – radiography, tomography – the doctor will confirm or refute the diagnosis. Treated deformed spondiloartrozom long. To completely eliminate the changes of the joint impossible. With the help of anti-inflammatory and pain medication remedies is only possible to remove the deterioration. Often spondiloartrozom arises after a back injury.


This displacement of the vertebrae relative to each other. Spondilolistezom can occur after injury or due to congenital weakness of the ligaments and muscles. Moving, the vertebrae are pinching the nerves, appears intense, persistent pain. Bow down in all the planes becomes very painful, the back muscles are strained.


Spondilolistezom – quite rare pathology. With suspicion it is worth it to turn to a neurologist or traumatologist, dr. able to distinguish this disease from degenerative disc disease or a herniated disc. Inspection and research – x-ray and magnetic resonance imaging. Often when spondylolisthesis surgery is required. Then the person is directed to a neurosurgeon. When spondylolisthesis is recommended to sleep on a firm, hard bed.

Spinal stenosis

The inside of the spine passes through the spinal cord – the nerves that provide movement of the whole body. While many different diseases, for example, osteochondrosis, spondilolistezom, tumors of the channel narrows. Then the spinal cord is squeezed vertebrates bones. It causes back and neck pain, can occur weakness in the hands or feet.

Spinal stenosis develops very slowly, symptoms are getting worse every day. Diagnosis is a neurologist or neurosurgeon, according to the results of the examination and tomography. To eliminate the pain using painkillers, anti-inflammatory agents. In the event that they are ineffective and stenosis progresses, the operation is performed. To maintain the spine in the correct position in the stenosis to help tires.

Prolapse or intervertebral hernia

The sharp, sudden back pain arise when the hernia of the disc of the spine. This swelling of the cartilage, which appears as a result of the destruction of the dense shell of the disk. Protrusion pushing on the nerve, causing pain possible. Move the person with the hernia it is difficult and very painful. Limbs may almost completely lose mobility in strong compression.

A Herniated disc is often needs surgery, so you need to contact the neurosurgeon. After performing the magnetic resonance tomography dr. to clarify, whether to perform the operation, or until you can remove the painful use of drugs. Apply anti-inflammatory and pain medication means in the injection. For the prevention of hernia is the need to strengthen the back muscles, moderate load and avoid lifting weights.

ent diseases

ENT diseases

Sometimes painful sensations the neck and back is not related with the spine. It can be a problem from the side of ENT-organs. Severe tonsillitis without treatment complicated by peritonsillar abscess – a large ulcer on the side of the neck. Appear severe pain in the neck, from behind, in the upper part of the back. Movement of the neck is limited and very painful.

Along with pain a person's temperature rises, and the skin in the area of the abscess is hot and red. The abscess opened from the oral cavity by a doctor-otorhinolaryngologist. Need long-term therapy with antibiotics. To believe that tonsillitis rhoncus abscess can be to the overall worsening of the condition, despite treatment increasing pain. When there is a larger abscess, a man cannot open his mouth – as a result of spasm of the muscles in the vicinity of the ulcer.


Tumors of the spine always manifested by pain in the lower back. They can be metastases from other organs, and own education of the spine. Pain tumors, very strong, gnawing, that are more intense at night. They are associated with a poor common well being, reducing weight.

Diagnosis of tumor is difficult to know because the symptoms are similar to degenerative disc disease, which happens much more often. Helps in detection of the tumor magnetic resonance tomography and blood tests. Each tumor is to be removed, so how can it increase, squeeze the spinal cord, so causing paralysis of the hand or foot. But the decision about removal options accepted by a neurosurgeon-oncologist – these professionals deal with tumors of the spine. When a malignant tumor after surgery is associated with chemotherapy.


Falling from a height, the wound, back injury is very dangerous complications on the spine. Appears strong, sharp pain at the site of injury. Depending on the level and extent of spinal cord damage, may lose the mobility and sensitivity of the hands or feet, arise from disorders of the function of urination. When severe trauma to the neck may occur with breathing problems and even immediate death.

When any suspicion of back injury you have to get to the hospital. Best if it will be a brigade ambulance. The movement of the person in such a state alone is very dangerous. Can increase damage to the spinal cord. Therefore, it is the best tactic – to call the rescue services and software to the sleeping victim before his arrival. Damage to the cervical spine often arises when jumping into the water in an unfamiliar place, when the bottom or other foreign objects under water find themselves too close.

rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis

This disease – an autoimmune. It means the immunity of the body attacks himself. It produces antibodies that attack its own tissues of the joints. Most often it is the small joints of the hands and feet. Rarely happens, the defeat of spine. Appear back pain, inability to bend and bend. The movement in the spine limited.

Usually a person knows about the availability of rheumatoid arthritis. This disease as incurable completely. But, if you follow the instructions of the competent rheumatologist, then it is possible to get rid of frequent exacerbations and progression of the disease. Use strong anti-inflammatory drugs, and also expensive medicines, curat ut immunity. The joints in rheumatoid arthritis with time irreversibly deformed.


One of the rare causes of pain in the neck and back – dermatomyositis. It is also an autoimmune disease, in which is without prejudice to the immunity. The basis of lesions in dermatomyositis – muscles and skin. Own immunity attacks and damages. The muscles become rigid, the skin, colon and inelastic.

Pain at dermatomyositis is constant over the entire area of the back. Muscles upon contact of the solid, but less painful, than in simple myositisax. Diagnosis and treatment of dermatomyositisand – the task of the rheumatologist. In establishing the diagnosis, it helps to careful research, checking, as well as blood tests. Treatment is lifelong, with the use of strong hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, which suppress the aggressive immunity.


Scleroderma is relatively rarely manifests itself pain in the back. It is a systemic autoimmune diseasein which the affected joints, blood vessels, muscles and many internal organs: blood vessels, the gastrointestinal tract. While scleroderma may appear lower back pain and across the back side along up to the neck. The pain is constant, pain, accompanied by a feeling of pressure and muscle weakness.

In suspected scleroderma is a need to contact the rheumatologist. It will conduct a thorough examination, will assess the condition of the skin and joints. I'm sure there are blood tests, which detected signs of aggression its own immunity. Treatment is similar to treatment dermatomyositisand – systemic anti-inflammatory, hormonal means.

Syndrome Sharpe

This disease is very similar to scleroderma or dermatomyositis. In its development also involved own immune cells attacking the body. Creates soreness of the back from the neck to the lumbar region. There are often pains in the joints and other organs as the disease affects the whole organism.

The diagnosis is put is quite difficult. Physician-rheumatologist, after examination and obtaining the results of research, to exclude any other systemic disease. Only in this case we can speak about the probability of syndrome Sharpe. Treatment is long-term, with the help of pain medication, hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Systemic vasculitis

It is a pathology that affects the blood vessels. Depending on the size of the collecting container – small, medium or large – system vasculitis is divided in several diseases. In the development of each of these vasculitis has a place attack immunity on the walls of its own container. They become inflamed, thicken, can damaged.

If it's smaller blood vessels, then the rash appears on the skin in the form of small or medium-sized points. While damage to the larger blood vessels of the acne may or may not be, but affecting the organs, perfused distress blood vessels: kidneys, heart, brain. Cure systemic vasculitis doctor-rheumatologist using vascular devices and immunosuppressive drugs.

pain after a massage

Pain after a massage

Soreness of the back after the massage may be associated with too coarse the influence of the masseur. Often, especially in people with sensitive fragile blood vessels, after a meeting of the arise from minor bruises. It will be felt severe pain in the back and following a visit to the masseur would be even more painful.

But it happens that the feelings of pain – not the fault of the masseur. When the present spasm of the muscles, their tension, then during the massage the muscles gradually relax. Then the first movements of the hands of an expert will cause unpleasant and painful feelings, and at the end of the session the muscles to relax and the pain will be held.

When you urgently to the doctor?

  • Back pain can be completely harmless phenomenon, but sometimes require extraordinary appeal to the doctor:
  • Back pain in combination with fever – case in epidural abscess.
  • Suspected sore back and neck in a child up to a year.
  • The pain combined with vomiting, severe headache in the nape of the neck and inability to bend neck forward – can talk about meningitis.
  • Pain was formed due to impact or falling on your back.
  • The pain is not easier during the day.

How to alleviate the condition of the house?

If the pain sensation is not strong, you can try to alleviate the condition of the home before visiting the doctor.

  • You can use compresses of the leaves of burdock or cabbage: they are filmed with the swelling of the muscles, reduce inflammation in the myositise.
  • Confricantes alcohol-based can be used in osteochondrosis, spondylarthrosis – to release tense muscles and facilitate state.
  • Often can only help to ensure peace on the back. Because one of the frequent causes of pain – and the strain and fatigue. To understand the causes of pain the back and neck is quite difficult.

A huge amount of reasons why you may become the cause of pain. In the article are listed the main of them meet. For the accurate diagnosis and treatment, contact a specialist.