JOINT PAIN

ETIOLOGY In the joints may form the pathological processes, e.g.
  • inflammation
  • stretching,
  • breaks at work, or problems with exchange processes.
The symptom is characteristic for such diseases:
  • synovitis;
  • bunions;
  • inflammation of the tendons;
  • arthritis;
  • dna;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • rheumatoid or reactive arthritis;
  • benign and malignant diseases.

Provoke the syndrome of pain in the limbs may be a variety of irritating factors, according to these indicators can also determine the risk of:

  • age – older than 60 years;
  • genetics;
  • congenital defects;
  • excessive exercise sport;
  • overweight;
  • injuries and fractures;
  • sexual affiliation.

Pain in the knee joint, shoulder, hand, or other places where there is connective tissue, can develop coming from a busted blood circulation in the synovial membrane of the joint.

This contributes to the deterioration of the regeneration of the cartilage. The articular cartilage begins to break down and further damage the bone itself, the muscles and adjacent joints.

joint pain

Another common cause of which dr. issued in диагностировании disease, is the food.

To joint pain is from this factor was given less, doctors advise to stick to a diet in which there will be a maximum of a lot of calcium, manganese, boron, phosphorus, silicon and zinc.

Another important factor, from which people have pain in the joints of the fingers and toes, it is humili grad lifestyle. Limbs start to hurt because that little person moves, thereby reducing the production of synovial fluid, violated the metabolic processes.

In humans can occur functional facies anterior is a painful syndrome, that is formed from the stress and nervous tension.

Why it hurts the joints, the doctor will be able to find out after examination and diagnosis.

Manifested symptom in many shapes and types, so the doctors brought out the classification, which will allow you to quickly identify the type of function: from the character of the damage – inflammation and non-aestuans; the infinity of progress – mono-, олиго - and polyarticular; according to the localization – the total and localized. Upon the occurrence of the many diseases, patients experience a painful syndrome of different character and time expressions.

Doctors have identified 4 basic types of pain: mechanical; starting; night; reflect. PATHOLOGY WHEN the JOINT PAIN is Often if a man hurts the joints of the fingers on the hands, then it can be related with the development of arthritis. Warn the patient about the development of the pathology can also other symptoms: high fever; swelling of tissues; the heat in the joints; the severity of the when driving. The disease is formed in the form of mono - and POLYARTHRITIS, which gets damaged one or a few joints.

Dna is detected on the basis of monoartrita. When рецидивах inflammation in a patient also affects the neighboring joints. In the pathological process involved the entire organism. Dna is different by, that the pain in the локтевом joint is manifested sharply and intensely.

Another common disease of the joints of the fingers – this is osteoarthritis. In old age in humans of elastic cartilage that protects the joint from damage, gradually solidifies, loses its former elasticity and goes into a more vulnerable stage. In the process of damaging the cartilage wears down, ligaments and tendons are stretched, causing amplification of pain.

Osteoarthritis can develop in any joint, regardless of its original status. The disease can be the fingers, elbows, spine, shoulders, knees. Quickly recognize such патологию possible on some specific attributes:
  • painful and tenderness of the affected zone;
  • the bumps on the bones.

For the removal of the symptom of the patient need to reduce body weight, reduce the burden on the inflamed joints, work out and take analgesics.

Another common disease, which manifests itself in pain, is considered to be osteoarthritis. It refers to a group дегенеративно-дистрофических disease of the cartilage.

Spread arthrosis of the large joints: the hip;
  • humeroscapular;
  • knee;
  • ankle.
Osteoarthritis of the ankle joint

The disease develops gradually. While the patient may feel a slight crunching and pain in тазобедренном the joint when walking. On hyalinus cartilage appear hairline cracks, which lead to roughening of the surface. With the development of the pathology is completely destroyed. At the joint, is lost first mobility, enhanced stiffness and pain.

To the total симптоматике are added, and neurological symptoms.

Bunions on their own speech is similar to arthritis, why at the first examination of the patient, the doctors often confuse these ailments. The findings of this pathology, the patient is not necessary to ask why it hurts the joints, so as the focus of inflammation located in the joint of the bag.

In the development of the disease the patient experiences as the other symptoms:

  • discomfort;
  • stiffness of movements.

Often the disease is formed of the knee, shoulder, or thigh.

It can cause inflammation of the synovial membranes due to damage, compression or injury. Fibromyalgia – a disease проявляющаяся from strange etiology. The disease is characterized by severe pain in the muscles, the joints, the head and failure of the sleep mode. When прогрессировании pathology ill may experience rapid fatigue and нарушенную the functionality of the intestines. Went osteoporosis is characterized by reduced bone density. Typically, the pathology of form in women in the postmenopausal period.

It is based a speech on the changing structure of the bone tissue.

DIAGNOSIS

For the installation, why there is pain in the shoulder joint, legs, тазобедренном joint or a brush, the patient is imperative to seek the advice of a doctor.

A complete examination of the organism and detection of the pathology can perform therapist, surgeon, orthopedist, traumatologist, ревматолог.

Diagnosis of the causes of unpleasant feature lies in the implementation of the лабораторно-instrumental examination:

  • analysis of the blood;
  • иммунологическое study;
  • the sample on the determination of the antistreptolisin;
  • a sample of the joint fluid;
  • radiography;
  • tomography;
  • myelography;
  • intraosseous venography;
  • arthroscopy;
  • discography;
  • radionuclide studies;
  • arthrography;
  • biopsy.

For precise diagnosis, doctor, but right now it is important to compile a medical history. In it is included information about the clinical picture, инфекционном process, psoriasis, injuries, violations of the diet and other data, which can tell you about the etiology of the symptom. Then, the patient is assigned to the implementation of the above surveys depending on the предположительного diagnosis.

Lack of physical activity during the workday — is a characteristic feature of the work in the office. immotumque medentis, a prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position provoke an excessive burden on the joints and they become the cause of pain, discomfort and gradual destruction of cartilage.

So workers office it is advisable to regularly do the exercises, and also them it is necessary to receive funds, roll-over protection and settlement хрящевую fabric, chondroprotectors.

In the development of the disease is destroyed the protective cartilage of the joint. Thanks to this process is the surface of the joint is deformed and the movement of certain parts of the body is limited.

Pain in the knee joint or other extremities when walking is intensifying and gradually developing atrophy of the muscles of the limbs.

Doctors prescribe patients from pain in the joints of the various medications and ointments, so treatment consists exclusively of conservative methods:

  • сбалансирование food – reduce the amount of meat, salt and sharp ingredients,
  • increase the consumption of vegetables and fruits, eat less;
  • to get rid of excess weight; not abuse alcohol; sports – exercise in the water,
  • swimming;
  • do cold and warm compresses.
Treatment of pain in the joints

Often you can meet, that doctors recommend sick people's medicines from pain in the joints.

These include, for example, the ingredients and procedure:

  • tiles from cottage cheese,
  • sinapi flour,
  • bran,
  • mud,
  • potatoes;
  • tinctures,
  • juice and tea made from dandelion,
  • horseradish,
  • elderberry;
  • baths with the use of anti-inflammatory essential oils.

Also for the removal of the pain-excellent help to the mixture and the ointment of nettle, st. john's wort, yarrow, potatoes and cabbage.

In terms of traditional measures, therapy, doctors recommend starting treatment on the following principles: the use of pain medications;

  • the removal of the inflammation;
  • stopping the degenerative processes;
  • the restoration of the musculoskeletal system; management of lifestyle.

Choosing the ideal cure for pains of the joints, the patient provided медикаментозные, surgical, physiotherapy and rehabilitation methods.

The effectiveness of technology also depends on the stage of болевого syndrome and сформировавшегося disease.

For example, in the case of acute diseases, the patient carried out the blockade of nerve endings, which represents the injection of strong drugs.

After this procedure the patient for a long period of time are all symptoms and discomfort during movement. To this way the doctors will resort to in rare cases. Part of any therapy – is it drugs. Are assigned to the patient in every situation and in the development of various diseases.

A person are recommended for use as drugs, that improve the overall condition of the patient and the pain medication pain medication:

  • non-steroidal drugs;
  • antibiotics;
  • hormones of cortex and the adrenal glands;
  • hondroprotektory;
  • vitamins.

The removal of the pain of a heart attack can be different drugs that are injected intravenously, orally or by local way. For a quick fight with the symptom it is recommended to use the ointment from pain in the joints based on natural ingredients.

Of the above components of folk medicine, it is possible in home conditions to make a natural remedy against pain. Must apply when they appear unpleasant sensations, but sometimes also in the preventive purposes. For the local removal of the property is also used the patch from the pain.

PREVENTION

Preventive actions from the pain in the shoulder joint, feet, hands or тазобедренном machines are simple, compliance with the correct way of life.

To reduce the chances of developing a serious illness, doctors recommend exercise several times a week for half an hour. Thanks to a little instruction it is possible to avoid inflammation of the joints.

It is also recommended to choose the right foods for foods that are full of useful trace elements and can perform the bones and joints of the body with necessary substances.

At the slightest signs of discomfort in the limbs or movement of the system, it is necessary to immediately seek the advice of a doctor, in order to timely prevent the development of pathology.